Europe and the European project were hit by successive crises in recent years, which had a cumulative effect. Many people reached the conclusion that the euro was unsustainable and a large part of the European construction as well. They apparently underestimated the ties that keep the Union together in big crises. True, the UK has decided to leave, but no other country is looking for the exit, while the election of President Macron in France has created expectations for a new Franco-German initiative in European integration. Euphoria has once again replaced doom and gloom. Is the EU ready for reform, and of what kind? Which is the best way to link reform at the European and the national level? Is reform politically neutral? And what are the prospects for narrowing the gap between and within countries? Professor Loukas Tsoukalis has taught in several universities in Europe and North America, including Oxford, LSE, Sciences Po in Paris, Athens, College of the Europe, European University Institute in Florence and SAIS Johns Hopkins. He is the author of many books and articles on European integration and international political economy. He has advised the former President of the European Commission and the former President of the European Council. He is the president of Greece’s leading think tank, ELIAMEP. His latest book 'In Defence of Europe: Can the European Project Be Saved?' was published by Oxford University Press in 2016. Last year, he was visiting professor at the Kennedy School, Harvard University and received the Légion d’honneur of the French Republic for his contribution to European integration.