As the largest drainage system and rainforest in the world, the Amazon is constantly attracting national and international attention. Headlines can be both positive thanks to new amazing discoveries, and negative as deforestation has already destroyed over 15% of the Brazilian Amazon, and wildlife is becoming increasingly imperilled due to overharvest.
While Amazon has attained an almost mythical status as the “lungs of the planet”, the eyes of the international community turn to the Amazon countries and demand to hear of actions to protect this vast and irreplaceable environment. However, there are no simple answers to the complex environmental and social issues facing the Amazon.
To better understand the past failures and successes of programs targeting the conservation of Amazon and its wildlife it is important to acknowledge the interconnectivity of its physical environment, its wildlife and the anthropological pressures initiated since European Colonization some 500 years ago.
Dr Carla Eisemberg is a Research Fellow at RIEL, Charles Darwin University. Her main interests are wildlife ecology and conservation with emphasis on sustainable management and environmental education. She has currently research projects on Northern Australia, Papua New Guinea, Timor-Leste and Amazon. She is also the Red List Coordinator for the IUCN/SSC Tortoise and Freshwater Turtle Specialist Group. Her five children’s books on environmental education have been published in five languages and over 50 000 copies have been distributed over four countries.
Her Excellency Ms Unni Kløvstad, Ambassador of Norway to Australia.
Unni Kløvstad is a career diplomat who has served in the Norwegian Foreign Service for over two decades. She has extensive multilateral experience serving at Norwegian Missions to the UN, NATO and EU. Most recently, she held the position as Director, Head of Section for Security Policy and North America at the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, where she was responsible for NATO cooperation, UN peacekeeping, bilateral relations to the USA and Canada, as well as security sector reform and global security challenges.
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